Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is an evidence-based practice treatment used widely among individuals with disabilities to help bring about meaningful and positive changes in behavior. Through applied, behavioral, and analytical means, ABA therapy shapes behaviors to help the individual become more successful and independent in home, school, and community settings. ABA uses a variety of techniques for understanding and changing behavior, and it can be successful in one-on-one or group instruction sessions. It is adapted to meet the needs of each unique person and helps teach skills that are useful in everyday life.
ABA THERAPY AT WORK:
A Board-Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) begins by examining an individual’s purpose for current behaviors in many settings/environments in order to develop an individualized behavior program. Instead of classifying behaviors as “good” or “bad”, a BCBA studies behaviors to assess the meanings of those behaviors and determines ways to shape them into a more successful form. Then, the BCBA establishes a plan to improve skills by breaking down complex tasks into small, concrete steps. Through this plan, ABA therapy can help improve on a variety of difficulties in the following categories:
- Communication and language
- Social skills
- Self-care (such as showering and toileting)
- Play and leisure
- Motor skills
- Learning and academic skills
Once the BCBA has established a plan, the Registered Behavior Technicians (RBTs) get to work. RBTs are trained and supervised by the BCBA and work directly with an individual to practice skills and work toward their goals.
The BCBA and technicians measure progress by collecting data in each therapy session. Data helps to monitor the individuals progress toward goals on an ongoing basis. The BCBA regularly meets with family members and program staff to review information/progress and to customize the plan as needed.
The AARC difference:
At AARC, BCBAs work closely with Occupational, Physical, and Speech therapists to establish a successful program for each patient. By pulling together all 4 disciplines, we believe we can provide the best care to each child who walks through our doors.